Lev Vygotsky  
  • Sociocultural theory – emphasizes role in development of cooperative dialogues between children and more knowledgeable members of society
  • Children learn the culture of their community (ways of thinking & behaving) through interactions
  • Zone of Proximal Development – phase at which a child can master a task if given appropriate help and support
  • Scaffolding – support for learning and problem solving.  The support could be anything that allows the student to grow in independence as a learner
  • Private Speech
  Vygotsky's Zone of Proximal Development (Video 3:02 Minutes)   
  Example of Private Speech (Video 00:40 Seconds)  
  Sociocultural Theory (Video 02:22 Minutes)  
  What is the Zone of Proximal Development?  
  "The distance between a child's actual developmental level as determined through independent problem solving and his/her potential development (level) as determined through problem solving under adult guidance or a collaboration with more capable peers" (Vygotsky, 1978).